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Improving Youth Programs and Outcomes in Washington, D.C.
Far too few young people in the District of Columbia transition successfully to adulthood by completing high school, earning a post-secondary credential and finding employment. As of 2013, 9 percent of all 16-24 year olds in DC fell into the category of disconnected youth â?? not enrolled in school, not employed, low-income, and with low levels of education. These are findings from a new report, â??Improving Youth Programs and Outcomes in Washington, DC,â?? by Brookings Fellow Martha Ross and education and workforce strategist Mala B. Thakur, formerly the Executive Director of the National Youth Employment Coalition. The report argues that the poor educational and employment outcomes among many D.C. youth programs demand a serious and sustained response by the city, funders, educators, nonprofits, and employers. The authors offer the following recommendations: 1) Invest in performance management and quality improvement at the program level, supporting organizations in rigorously reviewing how they can do the most good for those they serve 2) Develop a more coherent system providing progressive levels of education, training, and support services to prepare young people for jobs and advancement.
Creating New Pathways to Postsecondary: Evaluation of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation??s Postsecondary Success Initiative Executive Summary
This is the final evaluation report for NYEC's Postsecondary Success Initiative, which is part of the Postsecondary Success Strategies initiative by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. 
The Plummeting Labor Market Fortunes of Teens and Young Adults

Employment prospects for teens and young adults in the nation??s 100 largest metropolitan areas plummeted between 2000 and 2011. On a number of measures??employment rates, labor force underutilization, unemployment, and year-round joblessness??teens and young adults fared poorly, and sometimes disastrously. While labor market problems affected all young people, some groups had better outcomes than others: Non-Hispanic whites, those from higher income households, those with work experience, and those with higher levels of education were more successful in the labor market. In particular, education and previous work experience were most strongly associated with employment.

Policy and program efforts to reduce youth joblessness and labor force underutilization should focus on the following priorities: incorporating more work-based learning (such as apprenticeships, co-ops, and internships) into education and training; creating tighter linkages between secondary and post-secondary education; ensuring that training meets regional labor market needs; expanding the Earned Income Tax Credit; and facilitating the transition of young people into the labor market through enhanced career counseling, mentoring, occupational and work-readiness skills development, and the creation of short-term subsidized jobs.

In This Together: The Hidden Cost of Young Adult Unemployment

"Throughout the deepest recession and the slowest recovery since World War II, young adults in America have walked an exceptionally difficult road.  The cohort of "Millenials" aged 18 to 34 have now seen double-digit unemployment rates for over 70 consecutive months, or almost six years.  The youngest workers, aged 16 to 24, are even worse off, with unemployment rates well over twice the national average-at 15 percent versus an average for the full working population of 7.3 percent.  Moreover, we have made little progress toward recovery.

In prior downturns, the employment rate for young adults nearly reached pre-recession levels within 5 years.  In the Great Recession, young adult employment had not even recovered halfway by the same point.  A quarter of all job losses for young adults came after the Great Recession was officially over.  The lack of jobs has driven many discouraged young people from the labor force altogether.  A recent report by Opportunity Nation estimates that 5.8 million young adults are neither working nor in school.

The best evidence warns that lack of work experience now will lead to dismal consequences for these jobless young people down the road in the form of repressed wages, decresed employment, and reduced productivity.  By one calculatin, young Americans aged 20-24 will lose about $21.4 billion in earnings over the next 10 years.  That's roughly $22,000 less per person than they could have expected had they not suffered through the recession.

However, our generation's challenges extend beyond each individual's struggle, or even this generation's struggle: the young adult unemployment crisis affects everyone.  Every year of historically high young adult unemployment means lower tax revenue and higher safety net expenditures for federal and state governments.  Taxpayers of all generations bear the burden.

To quantify this problem, Young Invincibles calculated the average monetary cost passed on to the taxpayer due to high youth unemployment.  Building upon our previous research into the repressed job market for young workers, we find that the costs are too high to ignore.  Chronically high young adult unemployment places heavy burdens not just on young people, but also on taxpayers of all ages."

A Policy to Expand Apprenticeships in the U.S. - December 2013
This report, released by the Center for American Progress in December 2013, outlines a set of poicy recommendations that would set the stage for large-scale expansion of apprenticeships in the United States.
WIA Reauthorization Analysis- Comparison of S. 1356 and Current Law
This report, issued by the Congressional Research Services in October 2013, analyzes the WIA reauthorization proposal of S. 1356 in comparison to current WIA law.
WIA Side-By-Side Analysis - August 2013
This document compares the current law with the House and Senate proposals to reauthorize the Workforce Investment Act in 2013. It analyzes the bills according to a matrix of youth-specific items that either already appear in one of the three bills or is something that NYEC wants included.
Education to Employment: Designing a System that Works
This report by McKinsey & Company's Center for Government examines dual global crises- high levels of youth unemploym,ent and a shortage of job seekers with critical job skills. It focuses on skill development, giving special attention to mechanisms that connect education to employment.
Eduployment: Creating Opportunity Policies for America's You
The paper, Eduployment: Creating Opportunity Policies for America's Youth, calls for powerful "opportunity" policies to address the crisis in education and employment for youth in the United States, especially our young people who are falling through the cracks in public systems of education, child welfare, and juvenile justice. The paper introduces the concept of "eduployment," which recognizes that learning and work are inextricably linked and opportunity policies for youth must prepare young people for postsecondary success, rather than the outmoded college or career tracks.
Trends and Challenges for Low-Wage Workers
This report, released by the Economic Policy Institute in April 2012, focuses on low-wage workers- who they are, where they work, where they live, and what their future challenges may be in regards ti education/skill requirements, job quality, and wages.
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